Bulldog | Non-Sporting Group Breed

September 1, 2023

The Bulldog, often simply referred to as the "Bulldog," is a medium-sized breed known for its distinctive wrinkled face, loose skin, and stocky build. Bulldogs are known for their gentle and easygoing temperament, making them excellent companions for families and individuals alike. They have a unique appearance and a history tied to their roles in bull-baiting, which is how they got their name.

Breed Group: Non-Sporting Group

Physical Characteristics:

  • Size: Bulldogs are medium-sized dogs, typically standing about 12 to 15 inches (30 to 38 cm) tall at the shoulder.
  • Weight: Adult Bulldogs usually weigh between 40 to 50 pounds (18 to 23 kg).
  • Coat: They have a short, smooth coat that comes in various colors, including brindle, white, red, fawn, and piebald.


  • Gentle and Friendly: Bulldogs are known for their gentle and friendly nature. They are often affectionate and form strong bonds with their families.
  • Calm and Laid-Back: They have a calm and laid-back demeanor, making them well-suited for indoor living. Bulldogs are not known for being overly active.
  • Good with Children: Bulldogs are generally good with children and are often referred to as "sourmugs with a heart of gold."
  • Protective: They have a protective nature and can make good watchdogs due to their intimidating appearance.


  • Bulldogs were originally bred in England for bull-baiting, a cruel and now banned sport in which dogs were used to bring down bulls. They were later bred to have a more docile temperament.
  • Today, they are primarily kept as companion animals and are known for their loving and loyal nature.

Care and Grooming:

  • Bulldogs require moderate exercise, but their short nose makes them prone to overheating. They should be protected from extreme heat.
  • They have a short coat that sheds moderately. Regular brushing helps keep their coat healthy and minimizes shedding.
  • Due to their loose skin and wrinkles, Bulldogs may require extra care to keep their skin folds clean and dry.


  • Bulldogs are known for certain health concerns, including respiratory issues due to their flat faces, hip and joint problems, and skin issues due to their wrinkles.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper care are important for maintaining their health.

Bulldogs make wonderful and loyal companions for individuals and families who appreciate their unique appearance and gentle disposition. They are well-suited for indoor living and can adapt to apartment life, given their moderate exercise needs. Early socialization and positive reinforcement training are important for raising a well-mannered and happy Bulldog. Responsible ownership, including addressing their potential health issues, is crucial for their well-being.