Chow Chow | Non-Sporting Group Breed

September 1, 2023

The Chow Chow is a distinctive and ancient breed known for its lion-like mane, distinctive blue-black tongue, and aloof demeanor. Chow Chows are medium to large-sized dogs that originate from China, and they are known for their loyalty and strong protective instincts. They make excellent companions for experienced dog owners who appreciate their unique characteristics.

Breed Group: The Chow Chow belongs to the Non-Sporting Group.

Physical Characteristics:

  • Size: Chow Chows are medium to large-sized dogs. Adult males typically stand about 19 to 22 inches (48 to 56 cm) tall at the shoulder, and females are slightly smaller.
  • Weight: Adult Chow Chows usually weigh between 45 to 70 pounds (20 to 32 kg).
  • Coat: They have a dense double coat that can be either smooth or rough. Coat colors include red, black, blue, cinnamon, and cream.


  • Aloof and Independent: Chow Chows are known for their aloof and independent nature. They are often reserved and may not seek attention from strangers.
  • Loyal and Protective: They are fiercely loyal to their families and can be highly protective. This loyalty can translate into wariness around unfamiliar people or animals.
  • Calm and Dignified: Chow Chows have a calm and dignified demeanor. They are not typically hyperactive dogs and often prefer a quieter environment.
  • Good with Training: While they can be stubborn at times, Chow Chows are intelligent and can excel in training with consistent, patient, and positive reinforcement methods.


  • Chow Chows have a long history in China, where they were originally used for various purposes, including hunting, guarding, and pulling carts.
  • Today, they are primarily kept as companions and guard dogs.

Care and Grooming:

  • Chow Chows require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks and playtime are essential.
  • Grooming needs are high due to their dense double coat. Regular brushing helps prevent matting, especially for rough-coated Chow Chows.
  • Special attention should be given to their facial wrinkles to keep them clean and free from debris.


  • Chow Chows are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, entropion (a condition where the eyelids roll inward), and thyroid problems.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups and responsible breeding practices are important for maintaining their health.

Chow Chows can make devoted companions for experienced dog owners who understand their independent nature and are willing to provide them with the training and socialization they need. They are well-suited for individuals or families in quieter living environments. Early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training are crucial for raising a well-behaved and well-adjusted Chow Chow. Their unique appearance and deep loyalty make them cherished members of many households.