Shih Tzu | Toy Group Breed

August 31, 2023

The Shih Tzu is a small and charming dog breed known for its long, flowing coat, friendly personality, and regal appearance. Shih Tzus are often characterized by their luxurious hair, which requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best. They are affectionate, loyal companions that thrive on human interaction and companionship.

Breed Group: Toy Group

Physical Characteristics:

  • Size: Shih Tzus are small dogs, typically standing about 8 to 11 inches (20 to 28 cm) tall at the shoulder.
  • Weight: Adult Shih Tzus usually weigh between 9 to 16 pounds (4 to 7.3 kg).
  • Coat: They have a long, dense, and flowing double coat that comes in various colors and patterns.


  • Affectionate and Friendly: Shih Tzus are known for their affectionate and friendly nature. They often form strong bonds with their owners and enjoy companionship.
  • Playful and Lively: Despite their dignified appearance, Shih Tzus have a playful and lively side. They enjoy playtime and short walks.
  • Gentle and Calm: They have a gentle demeanor and are well-suited for indoor living. They enjoy lounging and spending time with their human companions.
  • Alert and Watchful: Shih Tzus have a keen sense of hearing and can be good watchdogs. They may bark to alert their owners of visitors.


  • Shih Tzus have a long history, originating in Tibet where they were bred as companion dogs for Chinese royalty.
  • They were highly regarded by Chinese emperors and have continued to be cherished as lap dogs and companions throughout history.

Care and Grooming:

  • Shih Tzus require regular exercise, but their small size means that short walks and indoor play can meet their exercise needs.
  • Grooming is a significant part of caring for a Shih Tzu due to their long coat. Regular brushing, bathing, and professional grooming are essential.
  • Shih Tzus may benefit from having their hair pulled back in a topknot to keep it out of their eyes.


  • Shih Tzus are generally a healthy breed, but they may be prone to certain health issues, including dental problems, respiratory issues, and eye conditions.
  • Regular dental care, proper grooming, and regular veterinary check-ups are important for maintaining their health.

Shih Tzus make affectionate and devoted companions for individuals and families who can provide them with the love and care they need. They are well-suited for apartment living due to their small size and moderate exercise needs. Early socialization, consistent positive reinforcement training, and providing them with attention are important for raising a well-adjusted and content Shih Tzu. Their elegant appearance and gentle demeanor make them cherished members of many households.