Maltese | Toy Group Breed

August 31, 2023

The Maltese is a small and elegant dog breed known for its long, silky white coat, gentle demeanor, and affectionate nature. Maltese dogs have a rich history as companion animals and lap dogs, dating back thousands of years. They are often associated with luxury and aristocracy due to their regal appearance and charming personality.

Breed Group: Toy Group

Physical Characteristics:

  • Size: Maltese are small dogs, typically standing about 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 cm) tall at the shoulder.
  • Weight: Adult Maltese usually weigh between 4 to 7 pounds (1.8 to 3.2 kg).
  • Coat: They have a long, silky, and straight coat that is always white in color.


  • Affectionate and Loyal: Maltese are known for their affectionate and loyal nature. They often form strong bonds with their owners and enjoy being close to them.
  • Playful and Energetic: Despite their small size, Maltese dogs are playful and energetic. They enjoy playtime and short walks.
  • Gentle and Calm: They have a gentle and calm demeanor, which makes them well-suited for indoor living. They are often content to relax with their human companions.
  • Alert and Watchful: Maltese dogs have a keen sense of hearing and are often watchful. They can make good watchdogs by alerting their owners to visitors.


  • Maltese have a long history that dates back to ancient civilizations, including the Greeks and Romans. They were often kept as companions by royalty and aristocrats.
  • They were highly regarded as lap dogs and continue to be cherished as beloved companions.

Care and Grooming:

  • Maltese dogs require regular exercise, but their small size means that short walks and indoor play are sufficient to meet their needs.
  • Grooming is a significant part of caring for a Maltese due to their long coat. Regular brushing, haircare, and professional grooming are essential.
  • Many owners choose to keep their Maltese's coat in a shorter style for ease of maintenance.


  • Maltese are generally a healthy breed, but they may be prone to certain health issues, including dental problems, luxating patellas, and eye conditions.
  • Regular dental care, proper grooming, and regular veterinary check-ups are important for maintaining their health.

Maltese make affectionate and devoted companions for individuals and families who can provide them with the love and care they need. They are well-suited for apartment living due to their small size and moderate exercise needs. Early socialization, consistent positive reinforcement training, and providing them with attention and mental stimulation are important for raising a well-adjusted and content Maltese. Their beautiful coat and gentle personality make them cherished members of many households.