Rottweiler | Working Group Dog

August 3, 2023

The Rottweiler is a powerful and robust working dog breed known for its strength, loyalty, and protective nature. Originally bred in Germany, Rottweilers were used as herding and guard dogs, and later as police and military dogs due to their intelligence and strength. Today, they are popular as both working dogs and family pets.

Breed Group: Working Group

Physical Characteristics:

  • Size: Rottweilers are a large and muscular breed. Males typically stand 24 to 27 inches (61 to 69 cm) tall at the shoulder, and females are slightly smaller, standing 22 to 25 inches (56 to 63 cm) tall.
  • Weight: Adult Rottweilers usually weigh between 80 to 135 pounds (36 to 61 kg).
  • Coat: They have a short, dense double coat. The outer coat is straight and coarse, while the undercoat is soft and insulating. Rottweilers have a distinctive black coat with rust-colored markings on the cheeks, muzzle, chest, and legs.


  • Loyal and Protective: Rottweilers are known for their loyalty to their family and their natural protective instincts. They can be excellent guard dogs and will do whatever it takes to protect their loved ones.
  • Confident and Courageous: They are confident and self-assured dogs with a courageous demeanor. Rottweilers are not typically aggressive, but they are alert and will act decisively if they perceive a threat.
  • Intelligent and Obedient: Rottweilers are highly intelligent dogs that are eager to please their owners. They respond well to training and excel in obedience work.
  • Good-Natured and Playful: Despite their intimidating appearance, Rottweilers can be gentle and good-natured with their family members. They can also be playful and enjoy spending time with their human companions.


  • Originally bred in the town of Rottweil, Germany, Rottweilers were used as herding and guarding dogs for cattle and other livestock.
  • They later became popular as police, military, and search and rescue dogs, thanks to their intelligence, strength, and trainability.
  • Today, Rottweilers are also kept as family pets and excel in various dog sports and activities.

Care and Grooming:

  • Rottweilers need regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Long walks, playtime, and training sessions are beneficial for their well-being.
  • They have a short double coat that sheds moderately year-round. Regular brushing helps control shedding and keeps their coat in good condition.
  • Rottweilers are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, as well as certain heart conditions, so regular veterinary check-ups are essential.


  • Overall, Rottweilers are a relatively healthy breed, but they may be prone to certain genetic health issues. Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary care are crucial for maintaining their health.

Rottweilers are devoted and protective companions, making them excellent working dogs and loyal family pets. Early socialization and proper training are essential for raising a well-behaved and well-adjusted Rottweiler. With the right care, love, and training, they can be wonderful and faithful members of the family. It's important to remember that, like any large and powerful breed, Rottweilers require responsible ownership and proper training to ensure they grow up to be well-mannered and balanced dogs.